Monday, August 31, 2009

Chelsea Martz

Art History 2

Journal Assignment 1

Artistic Production in 14th Century Italy

In Italy during the 14th century the Black Death had a dramatic effect on art. Artists went from having a very similar type of art to a more diverse art. The plague effected the population dramatically, dropping in some places by more than fifty percent. Architecture was also changed, hospitals were built and gothic archways were now rounded off. Humanism played a major part in 14th century art, human values against but not vs. religions and other worldly values were shown in sculptures and paintings. A lot of art was diverted from being so gospel and religious. Facts were proven and Italy was different in the way they viewed their leaders and creative ones who influenced Italy. Draperies, faces heads, bodies, and background settings in paintings and sculptures was changed to be more realistic and to express new ideas. The Reformation, the change in religious views was now accepted. After people began to read the bible on their own and stayed inside their homes because of the plague, people took on their own interpretation of the bible and expressed that in their artwork. The renewing of humanists values, byzantine style was very common and consisted of flat depth, a lot of spiritual inspiration, and tended to have a very strict formality. Later on after reformation and the great schism the Black Death, and the entire crisis going on at the time, art became more classical. Depth perception was noticeable in art, and solid surfaces were now known to the figures in the paintings, they now had something to stand on. Also the people in the paintings became more life-like with emotion and differences among the people were shown, not everyone was viewed the same. Art in Italy during this time changed very dramatically.

No comments: